Fringe trees are polygamous, meaning there are separate male and female trees, but a tree may also may have perfect flowers. The male flowers are somewhat showier than the females because their petals are longer, but the ornamental difference between the two is slight.
Fertilized perfect or female flowers give way to clusters of olive-like fruits which ripen to a dark, bluish black in late summer and are a food source for birds and wildlife.
Prefers moist, fertile soils. Seldom needs pruning. Intolerant of prolonged dry conditions.
Height: 12-20 ft.
Spread: 12-20 ft.
Bloom time: May to June
Sun: full sun to part shade
According to the Brooklyn Botanic Garden, Chionanthus sp. are deer resistant.
photo credit: Cephas