A nitrogen fixer! Unbranched, slender stems with fine-textured, deep green foliage, and dense spikes of tiny rosy-purple flowers around a cylinder-like cone. Flowers bloom bottom to top. Thick taproot can penetrate soils up to 6 ft.! May self-seed. Mixes well with native grasses. Important component of prairie restorations.
Attracts birds, butterflies; special value to native bees.
Height: 1-3 ft.
Spread: 1-1.5 ft.
Bloom time: June to August
Sun: full sun
May be eaten by deer
photo credit: USFWS Mountain-Prairie